© Eric Roset
Educational approchesprovide social mainsteamingalternatives for vulenrableyoung people who are at risk ofrecruitment into violent groups.
Violent extremism thrives when socialtrust collapses. To prevent the radicalisation ofyoung people, it is therefore vital to promotesocial cohesion and inclusion.
Economic development can promote social cohesion, but does not always do so. In Sri Lanka, Kenya and Nigeria, for example, growth has coexisted with protracted inter-group conflict, partly because large-scale infrastructural development has generated new patterns of social exclusion. Unequal or inequitable development can deepen conflicts and grievances, especially among young people.
Efforts to reinforce social cohesion and inclusion therefore need to work across a range of dimensions. Local and community mechanisms are particularly important. They provide vital avenues for cooperation.