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United Nations Security
Council Resolution 2250

In 2015 world leaders formally recognised for the first time the contributions young people make to CVE. The resolution “encourages Member States to engage relevant local communities and non-governmental actors in developing strategies to counter the violent extremist narrative that can incite terrorist acts, address the conditions conducive to the spread of violent extremism, which can be conducive to terrorism, including by empowering youth, families, women, religious, cultural and education leaders, and all other concerned groups of civil society and adopt tailored approaches to countering recruitment to this kind of violent extremism and promoting social inclusion and cohesion”. It advocates:

  • Participation. Young people should participate in decision-making at all levels.
  • Protection. Civilians require protection from all forms of gender-based and sexual violence.
  • Prevention. All actors should create mechanisms to promote a culture of peace and discourage young people from acting violently.
  • Partnerships. States should partner with relevant actors to ensure that young people can participate in peacebuilding activities, and involve local communities in efforts to counter violent extremism.
  • Disengagement and reintegration. States should involve young people in their DDR programmes.

Security Council Resolution 1325

Adopted in 2000, this landmark resolution addresses the role of women in conflict, the impact of conflict on women’s lives and security, and women’s participation in peacebuilding. Many elements of Resolution 2250 borrowed from it.

UN Plan of Action to prevent Violent Extremism (PVE)

Maps how different stakeholders can engage in efforts to prevent violent extremism. It calls on states and other organisations to support women, girls and youth in their efforts to prevent violent extremism by including them in decision making at all levels.

The Amman Youth Declaration

11,000 young people contributed to this policy framework for young people working to resolve conflicts, counter violent extremism, and promote peace. The declaration also addresses gender equality and socioeconomic empowerment.

Useful Resources

Social cohesion, integration and peacebuilding

UK Department for Education

A UK government study of youth and community cohesion.


Margaret Williams

A research paper on the importance of inclusive environments in youth-led peacebuilding.


Zenaida Ravanera, Rajulton Fernando et al

A discussion paper on youth integration in relation to social cohesion and social capital.



A full-spectrum framework for building peacebuilding skills among youth.



Initiatives to promote social and economic inclusion and youth engagement in Kenya and East Africa.


Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)

An international NGO that brings together women from around the world to work for peace and justice by non-violent means.


Pakistan Youth Alliance

A youth-led NGO that works on counter violent extremism, peace-building, conflict resolution, and the social welfare of the under-privileged.


YTFPDI - Tolerance Academy

A mobile peace-building academy that gives young people tools and skills to propagate messages of peace.


Upholding universal human rights

The United Nations General Assembly

A report on how to promote human rights while countering terrorism and violent extremism.


Human Rights First

A compilation on how human rights can be used to counter violent extremism.



A student-led initiative to counter violent extremism by encouraging open debate.


Youth for Human Rights

An initiative to educate youth about human rights.


Sister Somalia and Elman Peace and Human Rights Center

A Somalia-based NGO that supports victims of gender-based violence and vulnerable members of society.


Education and primary prevention

Connect Futures

Teaches critical thinking and debating skills to prevent violent extremism.


Institute for Strategic Dialogue (ISD)

The findings of a conference on the role of education in countering violent extremism and building resilience.


Radicalisation Awareness Network (RAN)

A manifesto setting out what education can do to counter violent extremism.


KRIS Library

A Philippine project that builds libraries and promotes interfaith initiatives to counter violent extremism.


Civil society capacity building and activism

Mark Brennan, Pat Dolan et al.

A UNESCO White Paper on how to promote youth input into government efforts to counter violent extremism.


Anne Aly, Anne-Marie Balbi et al.

A study of how civil society can fulfil its role in countering violent extremism.


International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT)

An 18-month project to counter the appeal of terrorism in Nigeria and build community resilience.


Africa Centre for Strategic Studies

Recommendations of a workshop on preventing youth radicalisation in East Africa.


Families Against Terrorism and Extremism (FATE)

A global civil society-led initiative to counter violent extremism.


Religious engagement, ideological refutation and interfaith action


A study of the role of ideology in disengagement and deradicalisation.


Youth Justice Board for England and Wales

Collates information on interventions to prevent religious radicalisation and violent extremism.


Uganda Muslim Youth Development Forum

A nonpartisan, youth-led and faith-based development organisation that promotes dialogue and development.



A theological initiative to refute extremist interpretations of Islam.



A project led by British Muslims to denounce ISIS and refute its ideology and narratives.


Targeted intervention

Online and offline communications solutions


A strategic briefing on how to develop effective counter-narratives.


Institute for Strategic Dialogue

A handbook on how to plan, create and run counter-narrative campaigns.



A crowd-funded counter-narrative campaign to prevent youth from joining ISIS.


Addressing grievances and instability

International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence (ICSR)

A study of what drives recruitment and mobilisation of Islamist extremists in Europe.


Organisation for Security and Co-operation (OSCE)

An assessment of community-policing approaches to prevent terrorism and counter violent extremism.


Norwegian Ministry of Justice and the Police

A Norwegian action plan to prevent violent extremism by tackling underlying grievances and social instability.



A Pakistani social movement that promotes a democratic culture to counter terrorism.


Disengagement, deradicalisation, rehabilitation and reintegratioan

John Horgan and Kurt Braddock

An assessment of the effectiveness of current de-radicalisation and rehabilitation programmes.


The City of Aarhus

A Danish approach to deradicalising and reintegrating returning fighters


EXIT Germany

A German deradicalisation, disengagement and reintegration programme.


Social innovation and entrepreneurship


Innovative youth-centric initiatives to challenge extremism and promote digital literacy.


EdVenture Partners

Innovative peer-to-peer approaches to challenging violent extremism.


The Global Partnership Week

Innovative, cross-sectoral approaches to counter violent extremism.


Institute for Strategic Dialogue (ISD)

An initiative by Youth Innovation Labs to prevent and counter violent extremism.


International Youth Action Against Terrorism

A youth-firm that counters violent extremism in East Africa.